Language

Haiti

Company’s name: Natcom, SA

Addres: Angle Ave. Martin Luther King et rue Fernand, Pont Morin, Port-au-Prince, Haiti

Website: www.natcom.com.ht

Brand: Natcom

Logo:

 “Natcom” composes of two words “National” and “Communication”, meaning the National Telecommunications Company. It implies that Natcom is a network of the Haitian people and is committed to serve the people of Haitian.

As a national operator, Natcom provides the best products and services to bring people closer together as well as bring solidarity and unity to Haitians.

Year of establishment: 1/2010

Launch of services: 9/2010

Employees: 1046 staffs

Service launching: Mobile, Internet, fixed broadband

NATCOM is the biggest telecom network in Haiti:

  • NATCOM has 5,000km of fiber optic cable, 1,550 base stations (2G & 3G), covering 90% nationwide. Contributes 90% of the country’s fiber optical cable, making Haiti the leading country in terms of fiber optical cable infrastructure among Caribbean group.
  • NATCOM supports fixed broadband to 100% of the provincial, city and government district of Haiti.
  • NATCOM is accounting for 30% mobile market share with 1.5 million subscribers.

 
 

Haiti

I. OVERVIEW

1. General information

- Country name: Republic of Haiti

- Total area: 27,750km2.

- Location: Caribbean, borders the Dominican Republic in the East and the ocean in the North, West and South.

- Climate: tropical; semiarid where mountains in east cut off trade winds.

- Terrain: mostly rough and mountainous.

- Capital: Port-au-Prince.

- Administrative divisions: 10 departments. The departments are divided into 41 districts and then 133 communes.

- Language: French, Creole.

- National day: 31/12/1804.

2. Economy

- GDP growth rate:

+ GDP growth rate (2012): 2.8% (ranked 115th)

+ GDP per capita (2012): 771 USD

- Haiti is a free market economy that enjoys the advantages of low labor costs and tariff-free to the US for many of its export products. However, Haiti remains the poorest and least developped country in the world.

- During the past 5 years, Haiti’s economy experienced a slow growth rate. Average growth rate stayed at 2.3% (2005 – 2009). Haiti's economy had a setback when the country was struck by a 7.0 magnitude earthquake, claiming 230 thousand deads and great impact on the economy.

- GDP composition by sector:         

            Agriculture: 24.7%

            Industry: 19.4%

            Services: 55.9% (2012 est.)

- Economy characteristics:

+ Agriculture products: coffee, mangoes, cocoa, sugarcane, rice, corn, sorghum; wood, vetiver.

+ Industrial products: textiles, sugar refining, flour milling, cement, light assembly based on imported parts.

+ Services: trading, hotels, restaurants.

- Exports:

          + Export value: USD 785 million (2012 est.).

          + Export products: apparel, manufactures, oils, cocoa, mangoes, coffee.

          + Export partners: mainly US, accounting for 81.5%.

- Imports:

          + Import: USD 2.64 billion (2012 est.).

          + Import products: food, manufactured goods, machinery and transport equipment, fuels, raw materials.

          + Import partners: Dominican Republic: 35.9%, US: 24.7%, Netherlands: 9.8%, China: 6.6% (2012).

II. SOCIETY

1. Population

- Total population (7/2013): 9,893,934.

- Growth rate (2013 est.): 0.99%.

- Density: 367.34 person/1 km2 (2011).

- Poverty rate: 80% (living with less than 2 USD/day).

- Literacy rate (aging 15+): 52.9%.

- Age structure:

          0-14 years: 34% (male 1,701,559/female 1,693,236)

          15-24 years: 21.6% (male 1,078,994/female 1,081,005)

          25-54 years: 35.3% (male 1,755,722/female 1,770,386)

          55-64 years: 4.1% (male 241,174/female 263,369)

          65 years and over: 4.1% (male 183,627/female 227,659) (2014 est.) 

- Haiti has young age structure with total number of people aging 0-24 rate of 56.1%

- Urban population rate: 52% (2012).

- Workforce by economic sector:

          Agriculture: 24.7%

          Industry: 19.4%

          Services: 55.9%.

2. Education:

Haiti has a low literacy rate of 52.9% (male: 54.8% and female: 51.2%). In accordance with the laws, education for children from 7-13years old are free and obligatory. However, participation rate is low due to constraints in school locations and language barrier (classes are mostly in French), and quality of teachers. More than 80% of university graduates have migrated to the US.

3. Religions:

Roman Catholic 80%, Protestant 16% (Baptist 10%, Pentecostal 4%, Adventist 1%, other 1%), none 1%, other 3%.

III. HAITIAN  LIVING ABROAD

- According to a statistic from The Haitian Diaspora Federation (www.myhdf.org), currently there is 1/3 of Haiti population in the world living outside Haiti.

- Most of them (2.5 million people) live in the US: 700,000 in New York; 500,000 in Florida; 150,000 each in Massachusetts, New Jersey and Illinois; 80,000 in Georgia and the rest of the country.

- The Haitian also live in other countries, including Canada (about 100,000), Europe and Africa (about 30,000 each continent) and Caribbean islands, mostly in Dominican Republic (about 1 million).

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