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Tanzania

Company name: Viettel Tanzania

Granted mobile license on October 2014, Viettel Tanzania is going to be the first mobile operator using 3g only in Tazania. The company plans to install the biggest telecom network with 10,000 base station and 20,000 km of fiber optical cable, covering 95% nationwide.

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I. OVERVIEW

1. General Information

- Country: United Republic of Tanzania
- Capital: Dodoma
- Area: 954 090 km² (Grade 30)
- Geographical location:
Tanzania is a country in East Africa within the African Great Lakes region. It is bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north; Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west; Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique to the south; and the Indian Ocean to the east. Kilimanjaro, Africa's highest mountain, is in northeastern Tanzania.
 

- Climate:
Climate varies greatly within Tanzania. In the highlands, temperatures range between 10 and 20 °C (50 and 68 °F) during cold and hot seasons respectively. The rest of the country has temperatures rarely falling lower than 20 °C (68 °F). The hottest period extends between November and February (25–31 °C or 77.0–87.8 °F) while the coldest period occurs between May and August (15–20 °C or 59–68 °F). Annual temperature is 20 °C (68.0 °F). The climate is cool in high mountainous regions.
Tanzania has two major rainfall regimes: one is uni-modal (October–April) and the other is bi-modal (October–December and March–May). The former is experienced in southern, central, and western parts of the country, and the latter is found in the north from Lake Victoria extending east to the coast.  The bi-modal regime is caused by the seasonal migration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone.     

- Administrative division
Tanzania is divided into thirty regions (mkoa), twenty-five on the mainland and five in Zanzibar (three on Unguja, two on Pemba). 169 districts (wilaya), also known as local government authorities, have been created. Of the 169 districts, 34 are urban units, which are further classified as three city councils (Arusha, Mbeya, and Mwanza), nineteen municipal councils, and twelve town councils.
- Language: Kiswahili or Swahili, Kiunguju, Arabic and English
- Currency: Tanzanian Shilling (TZS). Exchange rate: USD 1.00 TZS = 0.000550700
- Independence: 26/4/1964

2. Economy

- GDP growth rate:
      + GDP in 2014: 36.6 million
      + GDP per capita in 2013: 695 USD
      + GDP growth rate: 7.2% (2013 est)
Tanzania weathered the Great Recession, which began in late 2008 or early 2009, relatively well. Strong gold prices, bolstering the country's mining industry, and Tanzania's poor integration into global markets helped to insulate the country from the downturn. Since the recession ended, the Tanzanian economy has expanded rapidly thanks to strong tourism, telecommunications, and banking sectors
According to the United Nations Development Program, however, recent growth in the national economy has benefited only the "very few", leaving out the majority of the population. Tanzania's 2013 Global Hunger Index was worse than any other country in the EAC except Burundi. The proportion of persons who were undernourished in 2010–12 was also worse than any other EAC country except Burundi

- GDP composition by sector
+ Agriculture: 24.5%
+ Industry: 22.2%
+ Services: 44.3% (2014)

- Export

+ Exports value: 2.98 billion (2009)
+ Exports commodities: coffee, cotton, sisal, cashew nuts, minerals and tobacco.
( China, India, the Netherlands, Germany, ....)

- Import

+ Import value: 5.78 billion (2009)
+ Imported commodities: manufactured goods (machinery, consumer goods, vehicles), chemicals, pharmaceuticals, industrial raw materials, crude oil ...
( South Africa, China, India, UAE ...)

In recent years, Tanzania is donated by IMF, World Bank to improve infrastructure in this country. The changes in banking system recently helped Tanzania to attract investment.

II. Social
- Population: 47,601,796 people (2014 est)
- Demographic:

0-14 years: 44.8%
15-24 years: 19.4%
25-54 years: 29.38%
55-64 years: 3.5%
Over 65 years: 2.9%

- Population growth rate (%): 2,820

2.Ethnicity group:

Christian 30%, US 35%, indigenous 35%

3. Religion:

62% of Tanzania's population is Christian, 35% Muslim, and 3% are members of other religious groups
The Christian population is mostly composed of Roman Catholics. Among Protestants, the large number of Lutherans, Seventh-Day Adventist Church and Pentecostal Churches and Moravians
Zanzibar is about 97 percent Muslim. On the mainland, Muslim communities are concentrated in coastal areas, with some large Muslim majorities also in inland urban areas especially and along the former caravan routes. Hinduism is a minority religion in Tanzania, with 30,000 adherents (1996). Most of them are descendants of India (Gujarat). There are several Hindu temples in Dar es Salaam, most of which are located in the city center.

4.  Education

The literacy rate Tanzania is estimated to be 73%. Education is compulsory for seven years, until age 15, but most children do not attend school, and some do not attend any public religious hierarchy.

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